Bill No. 219: City of Hamilton By-law 01-219 – (PDF format)
To Manage and Regulate Municipal Parks – (The Parks By-law) – Amended
–> Related to the construction, installation, maintenance, and use of the outdoor ice rink in the Sanctuary Park.
Indian Claims Commission, June 2003, “Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation Inquiry – Toronto Purchase Claim”
–> See page 9: “Beginning in 1695, the Ojibwa went on the offensive against the Iroquois Confederacy, in part to avenge the raids of the 1650s, and in part to eliminate the Iroquois as middlemen in the trade with the English. In the course of this conflict, the Mississaugas began to penetrate into Southern Ontario to engage in battles with the Iroquois. By 1700, the Mississaugas have succeeded in expelling the Iroquois and taken control of the north shore of Lake Ontario. In that year, representatives of the Mississaugas and other Ojibwa groups travelled to Onondaga, the capital of the Iroquois Confederacy, with an offer of peace. In exchange for the Confederacy’s recognition of the Mississaugas’ territorial control, and an agreement to allow them direct access to English fur traders, the Mississaugas offered to cease hostilities. The offer of peace was accepted in June 1700, and as a result, the Mississaugas secured their control of the territory between Lake Huron and Lake Ontario. They would occupy these lands until the land cessions of the late 18th and earli 19th centuries confined them to a very small proportion of their former territory.”
Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, “Connecting People to Place: Great Lakes Aboriginal History in Cultural Context”
—> See pages 10, 11, 12: “The Great Peace and Totemic Identity”: The Great Peace of Montreal (August, 1701) was not the only record made of the peace between the Anishnaabeg (Ojibwa) and the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois). At council held at Lake Superior, the Haudenosaunee secured peace by delivering a wampum belt to the Anishnaabeg. In 1840, the Anishnaabeg chief Yellowhead read the belt at the Renewal Council which was attended by the Haudenosaunee. As part of his interpretation (reading) of the wampum belt, chief Yellowhead stated that the right of hunting on the north side of the Lake (Lake Ontario) was secured to the Ojibways and that the Six Nations were not to hunt here, only to come and smoke the pipe of peace with the Ojibway brethren. The facts contained in this speech were confirmed by the Haudenosaunee Chiefs present at this Renewal Council.
“Conveyance of lands by the Native American Chiefs of the Five Nations” – (so called “Nanfan Treaty” or the “1701 Treaty of Albany”) – FRONT
–> The document was “signed” only by the Five Nations chiefs, with no indication, in text or signatures, or preceding speeches, that it had been assented to by the Crown or any local authority representing the Crown. The signatures (totems) are of those allegedly receiving the hunting rights, not of those granting them. (Note: In R. v. Sioui, the situation was opposite: the granting signature was present, while the receiving signatures were missing. Therefore, the determination in R. v. Sioui that “signatures would not be absolutely necessary to make it a treaty” does not automatically apply to the “Conveyance of lands…”)
“Conveyance of lands by the Native American Chiefs of the Five Nations” – (so called “Nanfan Treaty” or the “1701 Treaty of Albany”) – BACK
–> The names of the colonists present at the meeting are listed at the back of the document, under the phrase, “Sealed and delivered in the presence of us:”. Thus, the colonists are listed as observers and witnesses only.
–> John Nanfan’s signature is located at the back of this document under the phrase, “This is a true coppy”, thus only confirms the authenticity of the document. No title, no seal, no ratyfication, no response from King William III.
R. v. Ireland and Jamieson  – Justice J. Gautreau; supra, November 7, 1990
(Confirming earlier decision of the Ontario Court of Justice <General Division> – Judge J.A. Phillips, April 2, 1990, after Crown’s appeal.)
GPS – Dundas Valley trails, single tracks and rides
KML and GPX files with a selection of Dundas Valley Trails, Single Tracks and bike rides around Dundas, for Google Earth and suitable GPS devices can now be downloaded through this blog.
Links, instructions, and a disclaimer are included on the Downloads page.
(Updated: April 19, 2015)