At the beginning of the 20 century, a new science was born in Europe. It was allowed to grow for three decades before being classified and contained in secret institutions. It was called “Historiosophy” or Philosophy of History. One of the leading representatives of Historiosophy was Prof. Feliks Koneczny at the University of Vilno.
Koneczny believed that civilizations were formed by people sharing common priorities and common cultural values. He argued that historical changes have always been enabled by dynamically changing values and priorities. His work concentrated on these values and on five domains of human activities in which all these values originated and existed. Following is a short summary of his core theory.
Civilization and Culture
All human activities can be contained in five existential domains. Koneczny called them the Domain of Truth, Goodness, Beauty, Health, and Prosperity. In this summary, we will use more modern terms:
- Intellectual Domain – includes purely intellectual activities. In this domain people try to establish the Truth and distinguish between True and False. Activities that fall into this domain include education, research, sciences, and all other sources of information based on facts, logic, and rational, realistic approach. This domain also includes certain traits of character, for example honesty and integrity, for such characteristics can only be defined as seeking the truth and sticking to the truth.
- Moral and Legal Domain – includes moral values and legal regulations. In this domain people distinguish between Good and Bad, and also between Right and Wrong. Fields in this category include religion, traditional customs and moral values, ideologies, as well as the whole cluster of legal theory and practice.
- Emotional and Spiritual Domain – includes emotions and spiritual experiences. In this domain people distinguish between their likes and dislikes based on their feelings, impressions, and intuition. They experience happiness, sadness, anger, fear, love, hate, jealousy, pride, shame, and spiritual fulfilment. Art, music, supernatural beliefs, good taste, fashion, religion, fun, fanaticism, sad times, happy times, and many other emotionally loaded states of mind and soul can be found in this domain.
- Biological Domain – includes all activities that promote and protect healthy living. Examples include food production, healthy diet, active life style, hygiene, and clean environment, as well as all medical and pharmaceutical field.
- Economical Domain – represents all activities that provide material security and well-being.
Using concrete examples, taken from historical sources, Koneczny showed that many of the basic cultural values contained in each of these five domains are common between different civilizations. For example, most civilizations recognize killing, stealing, lying, and cheating as Bad and Wrong. However, many other values may be interpreted differently. What is deemed true in one culture, may be deemed false in another. For example, the story of Creation in different religious traditions differ from each other and differ from the theory of evolution. Another example is the old Indian tradition of (male) public masturbation, as an expression of religious ecstasy, which could hardly be recognized as “Beautiful” by any Western cultural or religious standards.
According to Koneczny, differences within specific domains have a minor impact on the culture as a whole. What is more important is the hierarchy of the domains themselves. To understand it better, write down the five existential domains in order of your priorities, from the most important in your life, to the least important. Note that the first, the top domain is especially important, as it is the one for which you will sacrifice all other values, whenever you make your choices. Even though different people will come up with different priorities, and consequently will make different choices in their lives, culture on a scale of a nation can be defined as a prevailing system of existential domains, usually supported by local religions or ideologies, and accompanied by the Triple Law governing the organization of clans: Family Law, Property Law, and Inheritance Law. Using this classification, Koneczny concluded that there were only between 20 and 30 different civilizations in all human history. Seven of them still exist today.
How important is culture? Nations that have been wiped off the map know that preserving cultural values, when all other means of resistance fail, is the only way to stay strong and united. People in Quebec have preserved their national identity for hundreds of years. Poland has regained independence after 10 generations of foreign occupation. This is why the burning of libraries, elimination of intellectual and spiritual leaders, and pauperization of culture always accompany occupation and assimilation efforts. This is also a side-effect of systems based on multiculturalism. Culture is a backbone of a nation. The strength of a nation, resistance and patriotism are proportional to the degree of national identity and cultural unity. Perhaps this is why they are being targeted and destroyed, today.
I have a strong feeling that we are experiencing a similar policy today. It is better camouflaged but I can see many examples of a deliberate destruction of traditional Western culture that is being sacrificed on the altar of globalization and so called New World Order. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, we witness an unprecedented attack on nationalism, family, religion, traditional values, education, human rights, and every institution promoting patriotism, critical thinking and social solidarity. This also explains why the system supports mixing of cultures, alternative lifestyles, aggressive feminism, demoralization understood as freedom from any rules, corruption, and many other forms of anarchy in social and political order.
The Role of the State
Political systems become “official” and “binding” through an organization called state. States, with their legislative, executive and judiciary branches, provide the elites with means of control that keep in check the rest of the society. Manipulation of public opinion through “embedded” media and powerful lobbies, through which the elite ensures the support of the “representatives of the people”, complete the picture. This role of a state is universal and applies equally to kingdoms, to most of the so called western democracies, to communist or other totalitarian dictatorships and to states run by religious fundamentalists. The name is not important; what counts is the mechanism, the way it works.
In an ideal world, the state would promote and protect the cultural values and social order historically developed and traditionally accepted by a given society. Such a state would act as an “a posteriori” stamp guarding and reflecting the popular values, traditions, and aspirations of the majority. In most cases, however, the situation is opposite. The state becomes an “a priori” tool used to implement policies that serve the best interest of an outside force (a foreign power or an occupant), or the best interest of an inside minority (the elite). These policies are forced upon the majority without any regard to their historical and cultural background and often, without any regard to the official democratic obligations of the state itself.
Family and Religion
Family has always been the basic unit of society, one in which values and culture were created and preserved independently of political and economic influences. Religion plays a similar role in the society, creating communities bound by common beliefs, common values, common motivation, common aspirations, and common expectations. If you destroy traditional model of family and religion, if you dissolve common culture in communities, creative abilities of the population will collapse and the society will become dependent on political overseers and corporate providers. I believe that this is what we are seeing in the world today.
Much has been done in the last 30 years to achieve this goal, relaxed family laws and “liberating” media campaigns included. Perhaps the most serious damage to the traditional model of family came with the new employment policies. Fewer full time jobs, reduction of benefits and paid holidays, as well as lower employment security resulted in overloads and stress. Parents work longer and often irregular hours, quality family time is shrinking. Family recreational opportunities slowly disappear. Children are brought up by TV cartoons, video games and internet, in a completely unrealistic virtual world controlled by corporations and various lobbies. Parental authority is being destroyed by states seeking the right to bring up our children. Schools are taking over the parental role, concentrating on socialization and indoctrination, introducing various ideologies, virtues, values, and personality traits, which reduces instructional time needed to teach academic subjects and meet academic expectations. Academic achievement is no longer a priority.
In the atmosphere of constant uncertainty, opportunism and conformism replace integrity and traditional values. Model of family, that used to preserve these values, is quickly disappearing. And so is religion.